The heart is one of the most important human organs. This is a kind of pump that “pumps” blood into the vascular system. The state of the organs and systems of the body depends on the correct functioning of the heart and the entire cardiovascular system. Strictly speaking, the duration of a person’s life also depends on this. In conditions of stress, stress, poor ecology and improper nutrition, the heart needs special care. Unfortunately, we often do not pay enough attention to our main organ, which must be protected from youth.
Factors leading to “failures” in the work of the heart
- hereditary factor;
- gender factor (men suffer from heart diseases more often);
- age factor (the older the person, the greater the risk of heart disease);
- violation of lipid (fat) metabolism, increased levels of low-density cholesterol;
- violation of carbohydrate metabolism, diabetes mellitus;
- arterial hypertension;
- psycho-emotional stress, stress;
- bad habits (smoking);
- improper diet, obesity;
- reduced mobility (hypodynamia).
We cannot influence the first 3 factors, i.e. they are objective. Fight the remaining 7 factors in our power, they are subjective.
The abuse of some products also leads to the malfunction of our “motor”. For example, spicy, fried, fatty, too salty foods. Excessive consumption of protein foods, sweets, as well as caffeinated drinks (tea, coffee) and alcohol leads to heart disease. Unpleasant sensations, pain in the heart, rapid pulse in a calm state, shortness of breath, dyspnea – at least one of these symptoms should lead us to see a cardiologist.
In conditions that negatively affect the health of the heart, it seems to “suffocate”. The heart muscle must receive the necessary nutrition and remove toxic substances. With increased load, the need for food is higher.
If blood is poorly supplied to the myocardium (or not at all), then we can talk about ischemic heart disease (IHD). In this state, it does not receive a sufficient amount of oxygen, and when the blood flow to the myocardium stops, oxygen supply is completely stopped. At the same time, toxic substances formed during the work of the heart are not excreted. This can be due to spasm or blockage of the heart vessels by sclerotic deposits.
IHD can occur in a chronic form – it is angina pectoris. In this form, the lumen of the coronary vessels is narrowed, but they are not clogged at all. Angina pectoris is manifested by attacks. The patient has a pressing, constricting pain behind the sternum, which can radiate (give) to the left half of the body, neck, arm. The patient with angina pectoris seems to lack air.
The acute form of ischemia is myocardial infarction. It occurs if one or more blood vessels of the heart become clogged, part of the myocardium simply dies off due to the cessation of the supply of nutrients and oxygen to it with the blood. With a heart attack, there is a strong, sharp pain in the heart, which is compared to a dagger strike. Pain will be distributed to the left side of the chest, neck, left shoulder and arm. Extraordinary heartbeats occur, pressure drops.