People get diabetes so often that doctors around the world are no longer talking about the “incidence”, but about an epidemic. And indeed: in Russia alone, more than 10 million people suffer from diabetes. So what is diabetes, and why is it dangerous? Some of them do: https://pillintrip.com/medicine/sustagen.
Diabetes: what happens and who is to blame
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which blood sugar levels are constantly high. It would seem – well, what’s wrong with it?
“Oversweetened” blood leads to the appearance of free radicals that damage cells in the body. Also, insidious glucose combines with proteins and DNA, turning them into substances that cause the walls of the arteries to thicken. Vessels narrow, and this leads to heart disease.
If excess sugar is not removed from the blood in time, the person will gradually become disoriented, delirious and unconscious. Without medical help, a diabetic with a “spike” in sugar may die.
Since the system responsible for transporting sugar from the blood to the cells can “break down” in several different ways, diabetes is also different, and it must be treated in different ways.
In this article, we’ll talk about the three types of diabetes, where it comes from, and what to do about it.
Type 1 diabetes mellitus
A person gets the disease if the cells of the pancreas cannot produce insulin, the hormone responsible for transporting nutritious glucose from the blood to the cells. “Insulin-dependent” diabetes usually occurs in childhood or adolescence.
Type 1 diabetes occurs because of a malfunction in the immune system, in which the immune system begins to attack the β-cells of the pancreas. Less often, the disease develops because of viral diseases and stress.
Signs of the disease appear abruptly, so that it is impossible not to notice them. A person experiences agitation and terrible thirst, and is constantly “running” to the toilet. His breath smells of acetone, his skin itches, and his head hurts. If the person is not helped, he may go into a coma and die.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with regular shots of insulin. Unfortunately, there is no other way to help these people: there is no way to support and “revive” the dead β-cells of the pancreas yet.
Diabetes mellitus type 2
This disease occurs when the body doesn’t have enough insulin or reduces the sensitivity to it. There is nothing wrong with the β-cells of the pancreas. “Insulin-independent” diabetes mellitus usually affects people over the age of 40.
Type 2 diabetes occurs in people who have inherited from their parents poor insulin sensitivity. Apart from them, in the risk group are those who like to eat more and move less. To cope with the continuous flow of glucose, the cells of the pancreas release more and more insulin into the blood every day, “overworked”, and cease to cope with the production of the hormone, which eventually leads to diabetes.
Signs of the disease show up late, so people with diabetes often find out about their disease by accidentally taking a blood test. Because of this, type 2 diabetes is often detected only when the excess glucose in the blood has done its “dirty work”: provoked hypertension, atherosclerosis or coronary heart disease.
Therefore, if an adult suddenly begins to feel itchy and unusually thirsty, if he regularly falls asleep, gets tired quickly at work, gets sick frequently or experiences tingling in the legs, it is necessary to see a doctor as soon as possible. The earlier diabetes is detected, the easier it is to control.
It is treated in a complex way: you take medications which reduce blood sugar, try to eat as little fat and sweets as possible, and try to move more. It is impossible to completely cure type 2 diabetes, but it is possible to change your life so that diabetes doesn’t prevent you from enjoying it.
Diabetes mellitus type 3
A person gets type 3 diabetes because of serious problems with the pancreas. The disease develops because of inflammation, tumors, or if the pancreas is removed during surgery.
Type 3 diabetes is similar to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. If you have ever had a problem with your pancreas, don’t keep it a secret from your doctor to avoid being misdiagnosed.